When the great innovation appears, it will almost certainly be in muddled, incomplete and confusing form. ...For any speculation which does not at first glance look crazy, there is no hope. — Freeman Dyson (1)
Author | Copyright About This Website Navigation | What'sNEWThe purpose of this website is to serve as a resource about Cosmic Ancestry, and to help establish it as a possible scientific account of the emergence and development of life on Earth. (In it, darwinian natural selection has a role but cannot produce sustained macroevolutionary progress or the origin of life.) The website is operated pro bono, without any revenue or profit motive.
This website was originally conceived as a book, completed in draft in 1995. It was revised and placed on the Internet in May 1996, and is updated almost daily. Significant updates are posted with references on the main What'sNEW page and crosslinked with relevant interior pages. All What'sNEW articles are archived and indexed. Minor updates, mostly links to relevant print or web articles, are posted in the "What'sNEW" sections of the topic-appropriate pages, where all updates are listed in reverse chronological order. (Besides What'sNEW, all but the first three pages under "Tests..." are updates.)
Please email your comments about Cosmic Ancestry, inquiries or alerts about resources, and other suggestions to the author, following the link at the bottom of most webpages. We receive many useful suggestions from website visitors. Some emails may be posted to "Replies" if the sender consents; these are also archived and indexed.
AcknowledgmentsThank you. Thank you very much. — Elvis Presley (2)
This website is funded by the Astrobiology Research Trust. It was conceived as a book, and executed with help from many people. Three deserve special mention:
Brig attended Princeton University and received a Bachelor of Architecture degree from the University of Tennessee in 1975. He retired from the textile rental industry in 1995. Brig and Ellen Cooper Klyce have a daughter, Polly, and a son, Walter.
Publications in Print & OnlineNC Wickramasinghe, EJ Steele, RM Gorczynski et al., "On The Fragility of Empires and Paradigms" [2-pg pdf], doi:10.37421/Virol Curr Res.2020.4.112, 15 Apr 2020.
Ted Steele, Chandra Wickramasinghe et al., "Cause of Cambrian Explosion - Terrestrial or Cosmic?" [OA paper | alt. url], Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology, corrected proof online 13 Mar 2018.
Brig Klyce, "Panspermia and Evolution by HGT" [12-min. video], University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka, 22 Aug 2015 (posted on YouTube 28 Aug 2016).
Brig Klyce, "GTOs and HGT: Genes are older than expected and can be installed by horizontal gene transfer, especially with help from viruses" [7-page doc | SPIE abstract], Paper No. 8521-11, Instruments, Methods, and Missions for Astrobiology XV [Table of Contents], SPIE, San Diego CA, 27 Sep (delivered 14 Aug) 2012.
Brig Klyce and Chandra Wickramasinghe, "Creationism, Neo-Darwinism and Panspermia" [7-page pdf | local pdf], Journal of Cosmology, online 11 Oct 2011.
Brig Klyce, "Panspermia and Horizontal Gene Transfer" [abstract | 5-page pdf], doi:10.1117/12.832049, Proceedings of SPIE Vol. 7441, "Astrobiology XII: Instruments, Methods, and Missions," [Table of Contents], Richard B. Hoover, Gilbert V. Levin, Alexei Y. Rozanov, Kurt D. Retherford, eds., 11 Sep (conference 4-6 Aug) 2009.
Brig Klyce: 18-minute interview about the Evolution Prize with Tom Barbalet of biota.org: [mp3 | iTunes podcast: scroll to 9/2/2006 | local link], 2 Sep 2006.
Elena V. Pikuta, Richard B. Hoover, Brig Klyce, Paul C. W. Davies and Pauline Davies, "Bacterial utilization of L-sugars and D-amino acids" [abstract | alternate], doi:10.1117/12.690434, Proceedings of SPIE Vol. 6309, "Instruments, Methods, and Missions for Astrobiology IX," [Table of Contents], Richard B. Hoover, Gilbert V. Levin, Alexei Y. Rozanov, eds., 5 Sep (conference presentation 14 Aug) 2006.
Brig Klyce, "The Evolution Prize: Is Open-Ended Evolutionary Innovation in a Closed System Possible?" [2-page pdf]; 1-page version, p 123, ALife X: Workshop Proceedings, Indiana University, Bloomington IN, 3-7 Jun 2006.
Max K. Wallis, N. Chandra Wickramasinghe, Shirwan Al-Mufti, Norimune Miyake, Milton Wainwright and Brig Klyce, "Search For Microbiology In Cryo-genically Collected Stratospheric Particles From Space" [abstract.doc], p 17, International Journal of Astrobiology, Supplement 2004: "Abstracts from the Astrobiology Science Conference 2004" [link], NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field CA, 28 March - 1 April 2004.
Brig Klyce and Chandra Wickramasinghe, "Creationism versus Darwinism: A Third Alternative" [pdf: 776 Kb], p 543-548, Darwinism, Design, and Public Education, John Angus Campbell and Stephen C. Meyer, eds., ISBN 0-87013-675-5, Michigan State University Press, 2003.
Thomas Ray and Brig Klyce, "Comparing Standard Darwinism and Strong Panspermia: A Bioinformatic Analysis of Human, Mouse and Intervening Genomes" [print.gif:140kb | CD.gif:44kb | full poster.htm], p 172, Proceedings of the Astrobiology Science Conference 2002, April 7-11, 2002, at Ames Research Center, Mountain View CA.
Brig Klyce, "Panspermia Asks New Questions" [abstract | html], doi:10.1117/12.435366, p 11-14, The Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI) in the Optical Spectrum - Conference 22-24 January 2001, San Jose CA: SPIE Proceedings-4273, Stuart Kingsley and Ragbir Bhathal, eds.
Brig Klyce, "Is Sustained Macroevolutionary Progress Possible?" [abstract.jpg], p 402, Proceedings of the First Astrobiology Science Conference, April 3-5, 2000, at Ames Research Center, Mountain View CA [html abstract | full poster].
Brig Klyce, "Cosmic Ancestry" [gif], IAA-99-IAA.8.2.04, 50th International Astronautical Congress, 4-8 Oct 1999 / Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Brig Klyce, "In Real or Artificial Life, Is Evolutionary Progress in a Closed System Possible?" [pdf], p 1444 v 2, Proceedings of the Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference Orlando FL, 13-17 July 1999, W. Banzhaf et al., eds., Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, San Francisco, 1999.
N.C. Wickramasinghe, F. Hoyle and Brig Klyce, "Panspermia in perspective" [abstract], doi:10.1117/12.319845, p 306, Instruments, Methods and Missions for Astrobiology - Conference 20-22 July 1998, San Diego CA: SPIE Proceedings-3441, Richard Hoover, ed.
CopyrightCosmic Ancestry is published by the Astrobiology Research Trust (3). None of its contents may be copied in any medium without an acknowledgment that includes an obvious hypertext link or instructions to find this website. No portion greater than 100 words or one thumbnail image, nor any portion to be used for any commercial purpose, may be copied without express permission from the Astrobiology Research Trust.
Our use of quotations and images from other sources complies with each source's own copyright terms, if known, the "fair use" rule, and our own copyright terms applied reciprocally. We are committed to responsible behavior, fairness and decency.
References1. "Innovation in Physics", Scientific American, Sep 1958 [cited in] Martin Gardner, The Night is Large, 1997, p79.
2. Each highlighted number under "References" links you up from a footnote to the referenced point on the same page, like the Elvis quote above. Conversely, the link at the referenced point brings you down to the footnote. The footnote often has a link to the reference material, which may be external (on another website) or local (on this website). Most external links open in a new browser window (close to return).
3. Astrobiology Research Trust, founded 2002.
Website Navigation and CA + Icons ExplainedA colored navigation bar at the top and bottom of every page contains internal links to the "COSMIC ANCESTRY" (Home), "Quick Guide," and "Next" pages. "Brig Klyce" or "Feedback" in the navigation bar should lead to the email adress of the author of the page.
Major new developments are posted as articles on the What'sNEW page. All of these articles are archived, and indexed on the "Index of What'sNEW" webpage. Almost all are crosslinked with relevant interior pages, where return links are listed in the page-specific "What'sNEW" sections.
Minor new developments are posted in page-specific "What'sNEW" sections of ordinary pages, with a blue ball or text icon. These include, as of 1999, all new Related Websites and Related Reading items. Some webpages (Neo-Darwinism..., Can The Theory Be Tested?, Life on Mars!) have multiple, subtopic-specific What'sNEW sections.
Purple arrowheads signify internal links (within this website): down or up on the same page, or back and forth between pages, as if it were a book. These open in the same browser window (go "Back" to return.)
The Blue Ball signifies a link to a webpage not on this website. External links open in a new browser window (close to return).
The text icon signifies a printed work. A link to an external page, such as an [abstract], opening in a new browser window (close to return), may be included. The distinction between print and web articles was clearer when this website was first established than it is now.
The music staff signifies a (rare) link to an audio file.
CA stands for Cosmic Ancestry. (CA sometimes stands for California.)
The little valentine signifies our gratitude to someone, usually for alerting us to related news or developments.
is used sparingly, to denote a newly added page, article or link.
+ The plus symbol usually indicates a (+backup link), with content that fairly duplicates the first-given link.
The black diamond designates a bullet point for which no other icon is appropriate.
What'sNEWAll great truths begin as blasphemies — George Bernard Shaw
Freeman Dyson (1923–2020) by Frank Wilczek, Science, 15 May 2020.