"Webb telescope reveals unpredicted bounty of bright galaxies in early universe" by Daniel Clery, Science, 09 Aug 2022.
The End... cites other issues for the standard big bang.
James Lovelock, Whose Gaia Theory Saw the Earth as Alive, Dies at 103 by Keith Schneider, The New York Times, 26 Jul 2022. ...the maverick British ecologist whose work was essential to today's understanding of man-made pollutants and their effect on climate and who captured the scientific world's imagination with his Gaia theory, portraying the Earth as a living creature, died on Tuesday, his 103rd birthday, at his home in Dorset, in southwest England.
Thanks for a first alert, Chris Lodewyks and Craig Hutchison.
Gaia has more, with links and updates about Lovelock.
So comments evolutionary biologist Nicholas Barton in the latest issue of PNAS. His article is among nine in an open-access feature about the Austrian monk Gregor Mendel. Born 200 years ago, Mendel did pioneering analysis of trait inheritance among plants, but his work went unknown for forty years. Yet his insights were fruitful and remain valid. He is certainly not to blame if today's theory of evolution is completely stalled. It is disabled by a wrong basic assumption about the mechanism behind genetic advances (which Mendel never considered.)
Evolutionists, including some of these PNAS authors, understand that prokaryotes depend on a huge pangenome for macroevolution, but no one notices the magnitude of that paradigm shift. Nor do they notice that eukaryotes might likewise have access to an enormous pool of genetic potential.Gregor Johann Mendel and the development of modern evolutionary biology by Nils Chr. Stenseth et al., doi:10.1073/pnas.2201327119, PNAS, 26 Jul 2022.
The "New Synthesis" by Nicholas H. Barton, doi:10.1073/pnas.2122147119, PNAS, 26 Jul 2022.
Genetics of adaptation by Kirsten Bomblies and Catherine L. Peichel, doi:10.1073/pnas.2122152119, PNAS, 26 Jul 2022.
Mendel and Darwin by Andrew Berrya and Janet Browne, doi:10.1073/pnas.2122144119, PNAS, 26 Jul 2022.
Neo-Darwinism: The Current Paradigm has comments on today's theory of evolution.
"Synthetic chromosomes, genomes, viruses, and cells " by J. Craig Venter et al., doi:10.1016/j.cell.2022.06.046, Cell, 21 Jul 2022.
31 May 2010 and 26 Mar 2016: More about Venter et al. and synthetic cells. The article says nothing directly about evolution, but I still found it revealing. First, a genomically engineered new sequence may be correct, but getting it to function is always difficult, because so many things can go wrong — especially in eukaryotic life. In nature, how would letting darwinian life simply take its course make those things go right? Besides, in nature, chancing upon a new functional sequence of only 100 nucleotides is astronomically unlikely to begin with. Better if the "new" sequence exists already, is delivered by HGT, and appropriate genomic software handles the implementation. Testing and optimization are still subject to neo-darwinian selection. But even with cosmic ancestry, evolution is still time-consuming and dicey.
The Logical End includes related, futuristic speculation of 25 years ago.
"HGT is widespread in insects and contributes to male courtship in lepidopterans" by Yang Li et al., doi:10.1016/j.cell.2022.06.014, Cell, 18 Jul 2022, (bar graph, right).
"Insects harbor over a thousand genes from microbes, which help them survive", ScienceDaily, 18 Jul 2022.
Also ...two major episodes of historical HGT events have significantly shaped the long-term evolution of land plants. ...our data point to a far greater scope of historical HGT than we currently realize.
"Major episodes of horizontal gene transfer drove the evolution of land plants" by Jianchao Ma, Shuanghua Wang et al., doi:10.1016/j.molp.2022.02.001 (open access), Moleculer Plant, 02 May 2022 (flowchart example, left).
"Bacteria genes gave ancient plants traits to colonize land", ScienceDaily, 01 Mar 2022. Horizontal gene transfer provides the programming behind ongoing macroevolutionary advances, according to cosmic ancestry. For prokaryotes, the case is closed, but the evidence is overwhelming for all kingdoms. It's time to recognize a simpler, clearer way for life to find new genes.
Viruses... cites >2,000 examples of HGT, crossing all kingdoms.
10 Mar 2021: summary evidence for prokaryotes.
...DNA is not only moving around the tree of life, but it's moving a lot more frequently than anyone had imagined, and the cases of HGT that have been identified are just a small sample of the total transfers that have taken place over evolutionary time. And most transfers are not retained, according to evolutionary genomicist Antonis Rokas. He is among HGT experts consulted in an open-eyed popular review.
"Horizontal Gene Transfer Happens More Often Than Anyone Thought" by Christie Wilcox, The Scientist, 05 Jul 2022.
Viruses and Other Gene Transfer Mechanisms cites has many examples.
What we think we know limits our ability to know even more. Ed Yong
"on the wondrous world of animal senses" Nature Podcast, 01 Jul 2022.
Thanks, Bob Rock, for mentioning this topic.